Investigators in both Europe and the United States are looking at whether or not agreements that publishers have entered into with online distributors – such as Apple and Amazon – are anti-competitive

Anti-competitive conduct can arise, for example, if people or companies collude to fix prices or carve up markets or reach agreements that have the effect of limiting competition

For news reports on the European investigations, see: and For news reports on the US investigations, see: If you want advice on publishing and/or online distribution agreements, contact Adam Simpson (copyright lawyer) or Ian McDonald (Special Counsel, Copyright) at Simpsons Solicitors.